Moose Industries

Frequently Asked Questions

COULTERS:

  • I have a lot of rocky land… will this reduce the life span of the coulter and how often will I have to replace discs?

Due to the nature of rocks there will be increased movement in the horizontal pivots which may reduce the lifespan of the Coulter Assembly. We recommend regular maintenance and visual checks to identify early wear and tear.
Disc wear will be increased due to the rocks. The variables include how many acres you are putting in, how deep you are going and how much pressure you are applying. We have some clients who replace their discs yearly and others whose discs last for ten years.

  • How do I know what disc to use with the coulters?

At Moose Industries we offer a simplified core range of discs that we find suits most farmers and environments. The most common is a slightly fluted disc. Please see our separate Coulter Disc guide which will explain which discs are best for trash cutting, soil disturbance or soil throwing.

  • Do the coulters lift up out of the way when you don’t need them?

Yes, it is as simple as pull out a pin, lift the unit up and re-pin. They are not under spring tension, so it is very quick and easy.

  • I don’t think I can fit coulters on my bar… how would you get them on a bar that is compact and low to the ground??

Moose Industries has a compact hydraulic coulter which is designed to go mainly onto fixed framed machines, such as common North American and Canadian precision machines, eg. Seed Hawk, Seed Master, Morris C2, Quantum etc. These are bars where the frame doesn’t actually raise and lower so therefore the coulters need to raise and lower. Conventional Coulters struggle because the castor wheels are very close to the tines not allowing room for the Coulter Assembley. Moose Industries have developed a hydraulic coulter that is a compact unit reducing space but maintaining performance including use of variable hydraulic pressure and ability to raise and lower with the tine assemblies.

  • What is the maintenance schedule?

We recommend greasing daily, although understand that this is not always a practical solution for most farmers. The primary focus is to stop the ingress of dirt into the pivot joints.

  • Why do I need coulters?

Coulters are recommended as a stubble management or trash handling means, giving the tine a free path without blockages.

  • Do your coulters fit most machines?

Yes, however it is not something we can guarantee. Moose coulters are designed as a universal style of coulter that can adapt to the majority of machines. Limitations include if the machine is a fixed or floating hitch, which means there may be castor wheels at the front which will impede the mounting of the coulters. There are options to re-configuring the tine layout to allow for coulters to mount in behind castor wheels. The draw bar and wing fold points may cause issues when mounting. It is normally possible to achieve coverage of these areas with multiple single assemblies.

  • Do you have a backup service?

Yes, our products come with a warranty and we are available for technical advice via the phone.

  • How do I get spare parts?

Ring and order! Let us know what you need, and we will send them to you. Generally, we send parts via Australia Post as it is the most economical way for the customer.

  • How much do the Coulter Assemblies weigh?

The double hydraulic assembly is around 55Kg. The double spring assemblies are around the 50 kg mark. The single assemblies are only a little lighter.

HYDRAULIC COULTERS:

  • How easy is it to fit yourself? Or will I need a technician to do this?

Generally you can fit yourself, we provide an assembly guide, this includes a layout that explains where the mounting bars fit and where each coulter will fit as well as how to plum the hydraulics and get them operational.

  • What are the benefits of hydraulic over spring?

The main benefit is being able to apply adjustable pressure and the ability to vary as needed through different terrain. An added benefit is the ability to raise and lower the assembly quickly.

  • What sort of maintenance needs to be done and how often?

Regular greasing is the main form of maintenance. Pre-season and post-season checks and greasing and making sure that the pivots are free and greased post season. Check bearings for proper movement. Early identification of the wear caused by dirt in the pivot and bearing points will increase the life of your assemblies.

  • What sort of hydraulics do you use?

Our hydraulics are Australian made. This includes the cylinders, hydraulic manifolds, electronics, and control boxes, everything is made in Australia. We use RYCO brand hose and fittings. As far as availability of spares. Everything is Australian made reducing lead times.

  • Can I get spare parts for coulters and hydraulics through Moose?

Yes, you can. Call our Sales Phone to order.

  • How much weight will a hydraulic fit out add to my bar?

This will vary depending on the width of the bar and the tine spacing’s.

  • What if I don’t have a manifold already?

Moose Industries have developed their own manifold that can be fitted existing (standard) machines and conventional seeding machines that raise and lower, but don’t have double acting hydraulic cylinders. Most hydraulic tine machines are only single acting, therefore they can only apply pressure in one direction; our coulter assemblies are double acting so we have developed a hydraulic manifold control system that will operate via accumulator pressure. The coulters will then break out as required. The pressure is fully adjustable, and can either be adjusted manually at the manifold, or there is the option to convert to a cab control.

  • Hydraulic coulters are a big investment… how many do you sell?

We have been selling hydraulic coulters since 2010. It is hard for us to put an exact number on the total we have manufactured but we build many hundreds each year spread across most of Australia. This number is growing yearly.

  • Do you have a backup service for the HYDRAULIC system?

Yes we provide a backup service as in phone support as needed. There are ways and means around hydraulic system failure. If the system is on a precision seeder (Morris, seed hawk, Seed Master) the Moose Industries hydraulic system can be bypassed. It can be plumed directly into the existing tine opener system where by the coulters operate at the same pressure as the tines and raise and lower with the tines.

PRESS WHEELS:

  • How much more heavy duty are they than other strong press wheels on the market?

We’ve been making press wheels since 2002. We upgraded from our original design in 2014 which we now call ‘Heavy Duty’ press wheels. This upgrade was a combination of taking the experience and knowledge from the original model with 10 plus years of use and observing the wear and breakage points on both ours and other models. The heavy-duty press wheel was redesigned to eliminate those breakage points by things like doubling the surface area on the wear points, moving to stainless steel pins. We upgraded the areas that have caused any issues known to us in the past.

  • How often will I need to change the wheel bearings?

If maintenance is done correctly, then they should last the life of the assembly.

  • What sort of wheels and hubs do you use?

This depends on the customer’s price point. At the lower end, we can supply cheaper and less reliable wheels that may require ongoing maintenance. These have a traditional style of trailer bearing (these need checking for wear and adjustment). In the higher price range, we use a NSK agri-hub which can be bolted in very easily. They are reliable, more durable and require less maintenance. A third option is the ‘Moose’ axel and hub assembly which has a fully sealed double rowed roller bearing inside of it that can handle axial and radial loads that may occur with press wheels and coulters. On the inside of this, there is a 7 lip labyrinth seal and then a heavy duty metal protection ring (this is the first barrier of defence). The main issue with hubs in general is keeping dirt and moisture out. The Moose hub has 3 lines of defence; the metal ring, a 7 lip labyrinth seal, and then a sealed bearing.

  • Will using press wheels increase my yields? What are the benefits of using press wheels in my seeding program?

Yes. It has been proven time and time again that press wheels will defiantly increase crop establishment. In a wet year the difference may be minimal but biggest thing we have found by talking to farmers is, in a dry start press wheels absolutely shine out. People have said that it has cost them 10’s of thousands of dollars through not having press wheels and not getting the emergence.

  • How much does each wheel weigh?

Assemblies weigh around 15kg, but it will depend on the tyre profile. Solid or semi-pneumatic. It depends also on the diameter of the wheel whether it’s a 15” or 18” wheel. It starts at around the 15kg mark.

  • What wheel sizes do you recommend?

Wheel size is a personal choice, we find this varies by region. We have noticed that the larger 18“ diameter is more of an Eastern States thing including Northern NSW and QLD and areas in SE VIC. Throughout SA and WA it seems to be predominantly a 15” tyre. A lot of people will say that in sticky conditions, such as sticky clay soils, that an 18” wheel will shed mud a lot easier and also other people will say that because the larger tyre is doing less rotations, there will be less wear.

 

INFRAME PRESS WHEELS:

  • Do I need in frame or heavy duty press wheels? What are the benefits of in frame?

The main benefit of in-frame press wheels is that the seed boot is attached to the assembly and the depth of seed in governed by the press wheel. So, if the wheel rides over undulations, the seed boot will rise and lower with the press wheel itself, so you get a consistent seed depth. This is the main reason people will choose to go with an in-frame press wheel.  The issue with in-frame press wheels can be stubble management and trash flow through the machine. The more trash inside the frame, press wheels and tines, the more chances there are that the machine will experience blockages. If gaining exact seed depth placement is not an absolute must, the rear mount heavy duty single press wheels are probably going to be the best option. Moose HDSPW are also more economical (probably at about a third of the price of an in-frame press wheel, per unit).

Another reason people will go for an in-frame press wheel is that they can see the benefit in turning an existing machine into a precision seeding machine. Even though the In-frame press wheels are more expensive, it’s still a lot cheaper investment than going to a whole new machine.

DELVERS:

  • How do I know if I need a standard delver or one with a hydraulic tail pitch?

It depends on what people are trying to achieve. For some people it’s more of an economical choice. Depending on the amount of land they are aiming to delve. It comes down to cost per acre, understandably people are looking to cut costs and  do it as cheap as possible but get the most benefit as possible. So, a standard delver will do the job to a certain degree and obviously it’s still effective… A draw bar pitch unit which essentially is a hydraulic ram set up near the  draw bar of the delver… which when its adjusted will change the pitch angle of the drawbar and therefore the tines. So, it can increase the efficiency of the delving tines themselves, allowing the clay to ride up easier, or bring more clay to the surface as well as improving  the draft on the tractor and horse power requirements etc. So, the next step up again is the tail pitch unit which is basically hydraulic cylinders set up on the pivoting tail section… so when adjusted it really gives it an increased range of angle adjustment without changing the depth of the actual delving tines. So, same thing you can optimise the draft requirements of the tractor as well as the clay coming to the surface etc.… using that method you get a larger range of movement.

  • Can it be used for deep ripping as well?

Yes they certainly can. We do provide combination delvers that have deep rippers on there as well, so they can be used in conjunction, so deep ripping tine or a leading tine, followed by a delving tine and the machines themselves can also be used purely as a deep ripper.

  • Do you manufacture to order?

Yes we do.

  • How can I see the Delver that I am paying for before manufacture?

We have a 3D modelling program. All machines are designed in a 3D modelling environment so it enables ourselves and the customer to see the product before it’s manufactured. It enables us to check the range of movement, angles, clearances, transport and working depths etc.

  • Do you have a user manual?

No, but we will have in the future

  • What sort of deposit would I need to make to get the process started?

Please read the terms and conditions on our webpage.

  • What size tractor do you need to pull it?

This is dependent on a variety of differing factors. The main factor would be the number of tines the delver has and the operating depth. You need to consider the type of soil you are going into, how compacted it is, the moisture content, the angle of the tines etc. Our top of the range 7 tine delver is pulled with a 600 quad Trak. In the past, customers that have looked to delve to 1 m, plan a multi-year delving approach. For example, year 1, they may go down to 700mm and then comeback in 2-3 years’ time and follow the same delve lines and get down to 850-900mm. They then plan to come back a few years later to eventually get down to that 1m + depth. This will also depend on the area you are farming in. We have found that people farming over in the Esperance region of WA have different objectives to people on the Eyre Peninsula to people in the Eastern States.

TAILGATE DOORS:

  • Why do you make your TGD’s out of Stainless and is that why they’re more expensive?

We use stainless steel for corrosion resistance, especially with acidic fertilisers. It does increase the purchase price however it also increases their life span.

  • How does the RemoTip option work with the grain doors?

RemoTip is something that we can offer and program into our tailgate doors. This is ideal for someone wanting a combination unit we can supply a TGD which is remote controlled and then also within the remote transmitter, we can program in a RemoTip unit which is used to remotely control the raise and lowering of the hoist as well as things like engine start-stop etc.

  • What sort of fittings do you use?

We use quality fittings. We use standard douche plugs for actuators so that they are interchangeable. This means if something goes wrong, a replacement unit can be sent that’s just ‘plug and play’.

  • Can I have one remote to work 2 doors? Or do I need one remote for each door?

We can definitely program so that one remote transmitter can operate multiple doors, whether that 1, 2 or 3 plus operating the RemoTip etc. So, we can do that yes

  • Are the actuators good quality? How long will it be before I have to replace them?

We use high quality LINAK actuators. The actuators we use on our standard rota doors are all metal bodied with stainless steel rods. We can also use a cheaper option which is plastic body (which is quite common within the industry) but these are not usually UV rated to withstand harsh outdoor conditions, the IP rating is there, but we have chosen to use the next step up in actuators which is the metal body and stainless steel rod. We look at longevity when making decisions on products. With our slide doors, the same thing, we use LINAK actuators that are good quality. They do cost more than what you can buy online, but what we have found is that it is definitely worth while spending the money. We do get people coming to us purely for actuators to replace ones that they have bought online 2 or 3 times.

  • How long will my remotes last?

It’s hard to say and depends on user care. We have had people using them for years and have never had any trouble, so they might just need battery replacement, which is a 9V square battery. We have had people using these for years and never had any drams at all, so depends on user care essentially.

 

 

DBS ADAPTORS:

  • Can I fit these easily myself?

Certainly can. The DBS adaptor is designed to retrofit into the 2 arms of the DBS coulter. Most people will either unbolt their existing DBS axle or others will just cut through with an oxy or a grinder to remove the axle shaft. Once that’s done it’s simply a bolt in unit to retrofit our adaptor which upgrades the axle assembly itself to a large 40mm diameter axel shaft with our heavy duty bearing and hub assembly and provides the upgraded coulter with a HT Holden stud pattern which is the most common type of disc that’s used, which gives you lots of different disc options and increases availability.

  • Do you supply fitting instruction manual?

Not as yet, but we will in the future

  • How much do they improve the existing DBS Coulters?

It’s hard to say, but generally from people who have made the change it has reduced their maintenance back to next to zero, from having to rebuild units (some people have done this year on year) to not having to really touch the upgraded coulters… just the essential bearing checks at the end of the season or the start of the next season.

MOUNTING ARMS:

  • How many press wheels get fitted to a single arm?

The general rule of thumb is that we fit two mounting arms to each section of the machine.

Example A: In a standard single fold seeder, there will be two mounting arms for the centre section and then two for each wing, so six mounting arms for this machine type.

Example B: In a Single fold seeder with two smaller outer wings there may be two central mounting arms and each outer folding arm to have one mounting arm with 6 to 8 press wheels.

Where there is 2 mounting arms to a centre section and a common mounting beam, we have had up to say 22-24 press wheels to the one arm.

  • How much do mounting arms weigh?

Mounting arms weigh around 50kg each.

  • What’s the benefit of using mounting arm gangs rather than just attaching them to the bar itself?

The original design of the mounting arms was purely the benefit of having one mounting arm that can fit to any machine, and then the height can be adjusted accordingly and easily lifted out of the way if needed. The feedback we have had from customers being able to adjust the pressure across the whole gang of press wheels. This means if you want extra pressure, you can simply ratchet two arms down and load up the spring tension on the tyres if you want to back it off, then raise the mounting arms up a little bit if you move to a different farm. If there is overnight rain its quick and easy adjustment of the down pressure on the wheels themselves. Customers who have made the investment in a mounting arm, have said that they are extremely glad that they did, because of the ease to adjust pressure and move arms out of the way.